Uniformed nominate 25% of the parliament and controlling key ministries such as defense, interior and Borders
Lawmakers led by Aung San Suu Kyi inaugurated the first democratic parliament of Burma in more than half a century in a day histrica happens To last elections in which the National League for Democracy (NLD) won the Nobel Prize 80 percent of escaos in dispute.
The constitution of the legislature is only the first step in the complex transition that must face the NLD to get rid of the legacy of a military dictatorship that still exerts a significant influence in the country, as the uniformed nominate 25% of the parliament and controlling key ministries besides as defense, interior and Borders.
Suu Kyi could not be the head of state since the constitution prevents drafted to that effect by the military, but during the campaign that precedi to the November elections and clear dej thought to be the main political reference of the country, “over the president” , according to his own words.
Apoyndose in his parliamentary majority, the NLD dispona to control the presidency two legislative chambers, posts to be occupied former political prisoner Win Myint , and lawyer and member of the minority Kare n Mahn Win Khaing Than .
At 65 years, Win Myint, is a “right hand” of Suu Kyi, according to the publication Irrawaddy, and since she participated in the voting with 1990.
in newer weeks, the Nobel Prize twice meeting with Chief of the Army, General Min Aung Hlaing , one of the key figures in the nation asitica- to try to dispel the memory of those votes gruesome 1990 when Suu Kyi also won overwhelmingly but the military ignored the result of the polls.
During his last alocucin before the outgoing parliament, the president and former general still U Thein Sein , incidi that the country needs to “strengthen democracy” and “no return to past conditions.”
NLD himself also seems to have adopted a conciliatory tone regarding the constitutional reform which seeks impossible to achieved without the acquiescence of the parliamentary bloc of the military.
“If access to alter demonstrate their faith in the country and its sympathy to the people, but our policy now is not pressure them,” Tin Oo recognized one the ranks of the NLD leaders.
The approximately 390 members of the League gathered in the giant parliament in the capital of the country, Naypyidaw, all dressed in orange and under explicit ideology that left Nyein Thit , one of its legislators, who AFIRM on arrival. “We come to work to ensure that human rights are respected and to establish peace”
“is a historic moment for the country. But now it has come, concerns accumulate “, recognized the political analyst Khin Zaw Win , told AFP.
The challenge that faces Suu Kyii and his followers is monumental in a nation of 51 million devastated by the management of the military, where sectors such as health or education are pure wreck or where only 30% of the population has access to electricity.
The political leader also will have to deal with the painful situation of almost Milln of Rohingya those who quit their nationality and who remain in pauprrimos fields located in the southwest of the country.
Other more than 100,000 Burmese enabled malviven centers for the displaced in the north of the territory, especially in the states Kachin and Shan , and 120,000 more living in Thailand for decades.
Analysts agree that the first major priority for Su Kyi is to get the ceasefire signed last October 15 by a part of the ethnic militias opposing the army will spread to the whole country as a prelude for a peace agreement that would end a civil war that has lasted more in the world.
Quite a cmulo challenges of enormous magnitude to which the NLD faced with a small group of politicians who have experience in the management of power, as Adverta analyst Nicholas Farrelly, director of Research Center of Myanmar in National University of Australia .
“Almost no one in the party has experience dome Direct government and its Central Executive Committee, packed with veterans of the struggle for democracy, has earned a deserved reputation as gerontocracy “, wrote Monday in The Myanmar Times.