THE WORLD enters the penalty nico World segregated for natives entering l voluntarily.
“Sit on the toilet is difficult, we do not know. All we get out behind a bush and do our stuff. Here he waited for outside night and the other prisoners were sleeping to go to the bathroom, “says Matas Valenzuela, indgena tepehun and librarian of jail. He was previously imprisoned for murder and now rape of his stepdaughter. “I killed my family and I mat to yours” recalls softly.
“He walked with my two cousins and they came three armed to find suit types. I was shot in the ear and one grabbed me from behind. I pulled the knife he was carrying and he met two puetas on the right rib. One ran and that Oued continued to fight. We pegu five or six pualadas “said John Roberto, tepehun also, while reading quietly in the bunk of his cell for the first time in his life. Before being imprisoned not saba read.
“In prison I learned many things. As I did not have pap had not ningn advice. Never had a cario. When one misbehaves also have to misbehave one “recalls Jos Loreto Muela, indgena raramuri. He is imprisoned for killing his cousin in a drunken night. “I went home and told my head who had killed his nephew. ‘Why?’ I asked her. ‘I forced herself, was the ma or l’ “he says. Dispar several times a son of the sister of his mother and tir fire. I smiled to tell his story; cousin threatened him, he says, with a gun.
“My madame arrived drunk and would not let me leave. Live with my stepdaughter 13 years and then was what the fondling … I denounce my wife and I present in the police voluntarily to be stopped. Baj three times the ranch to surrender and was not licensed to be treat me, so I told them I volva to work on the mountain and gave them the phone to locate me “, recounts ngel Hernndez, indgena raramuri, who adds: “I am imprisoned by Mexican law, not by ma” . For raramuri have sex with girls of 13 and 14 years is normal.
The above four testimonies are four prisoners of the peculiar state prison, number Cereso 8 Chihuahua, which was able to access the world for several days . It located in the middle of the Sierra Tarahumara a converted prison that since 1 January 2015 has a peculiarity unique worldwide rises. It is a jail exclusively for indigenous Alcohol, poverty and mixed with the ‘ chabochis’ (white men in raramuri) mark the conviction of a village lost in these mountains fras . Nothing is heard, or barking dogs or men mourn when night falls glida. Nothing.
“In other prisons the indigenous were mistreated”
“It was decided to create this criminal because other prisons the indigenous were abused and enslaved by other prisoners . they abused them. Here preserved and customs are fostered and in addition is closer to their families, “explains Juan Gonzlez Martn, director of the prison.
“When they go to other criminal many come back with tattoos and rings in their ears, unbecoming of their culture. Sometimes they bring pants rolled, I symbol of belonging to sb group narco . when they come here are removed from all that, “says Csar Payn, criminlogo the Cereso. “For Indian did not have the right to speak or work. I Ponan the last in line of food. We humiliated and maltreated” recalls Matas Valenzuela, the librarian, the years he was imprisoned in the jail of Sinaloa with chabochis. “Once in jail for Cuauhtmoc they beat me up some prisoners because they thought I perteneca another gang” has extraeza.
That beating Matas did not understand, like so many things, is part of the gap between the two worlds that live in the mountains. Sometimes, in trials, even they understand the crimes they have committed. “I work as a translator and explained them sometimes accusations and condemnations” he says Mara Leonila Rams a raramuri working guard in the prison and offers support translator. “The majority are illiterate . Only 20% have primary education. Many in the audience need translators to explain to them why they are here “, says Cristina Payn, professor of Cereso.
This is part of the social battle of this area where two cultures. The ancestrally indigenous live in this mountain area is now narcos . Indians, assassins and ghosts abound in these beautiful and cruel mountains. “When narcos a lot of pressure in an area they flee and move to more peaceful areas. Organized crime has tried many times to capture them, but it’s complicated. They work a week to buy something and when they get leave work, are not interested in money, “Payn said. “Imposing another learning culture is a double sentence for them. They learn offenses if get into the university of crime,” says Jorge Barrero, doctor Cereso 8, referring to the possible stay of indigenous in other mixed criminal.
voluntary surrender to Justice
Another uniqueness of this offense is that most of the inmates voluntarily surrender to justice. As he chronicled ngel Hernndez Jos present Loreto advice of his governor (tribal chief) in police station. “I Interwar alone. I was released because there was no complaint and was told to return when present and told them that I no longer vein ms, who lives far away and go up them. One day they came and I was in the countryside. My boss I said ‘aprate my son and they are here these gentlemen.’ ” Jos Loreto celebrates 10 years of his sentence.
“It is preferable that kill the ignorant. They are given because they will not be rejected by their community,” said Dr. Barrero. “When they commit a crime of rape is imposed first punishment. They are locked in a room for our soldiers for two or three nights . Then we give you a nawezari (council or sermon in raramuri) and if they return with two other violations send them to surrender to the municipality, “says Alejandro Hernandez, governor of the raramuri Papajichi community. Murder, by contrast, the first is punished, without sermon or delays.
“Often we find it hard to stop if they are not. They live in the mountains, decide by taste changed suddenly name in the voter registration (his only record by receiving some help from the state) and are almost nomadic “Isidro, an agent of the state with which we went to a community explains. “They are very violent when they drink. The problem is that they do in their parties, the tesginadas and then not remember what they have done,” says the agent.
The tesginada is A basic party to the sense of community of the indigenous Tarahumara. It is where all socialize, agreed between their marriages and bonding are built. “Before the tesgino only drink, an alcoholic drink of fermented corn they produce. Now mix it with very cheap tequilas and selling them adulterated alcohol mestizos. That happened when they reached the road,” says Dr. Barrero. The new world, alcohol and roads white, climb them and rots the bowels.
Indeed, in an area controlled by narco and constant clashes between Crtel Sinaloa , the Crtel of Juarez (the line) and the forces of the Army and the State Prosecutor Jorge Enrique Gonzalez, whose work brega crime has greatly improved the high rates of violence across the state, officials acknowledge that “most of the time we are involved in cases of violence between indigenous. the killings are sometimes very violent,” says a state policemen that accompany us. Recently a guy he had stuck an ax in his head to a family or two other Haban given tens of pualadas to another and then Haban crushed his head with a huge stone. always drunk in a lgubre ceremony that is repeated with milimtrico result: first party, then alcohol, then the dead and then the Cereso 8
Punishment for murder and rape
However, all this violence seems to be emptied outside the walls. The expected violence criminal, more than 97% of prisoners serving a sentence for murder or rape , in contrast to the routine of a jail where the doors of rooms and bathrooms are open 24 hours and punishment cells , disuse, they became a warehouse. “We Never have had to use” admits prison director, Juan Gonzlez Martn Aguirre.
Criminal silences speak on taxes, the screams are heard from the cells, the furtive glances of prisoners or rooms in which it is forbidden to enter. In Guachochi not found that language because there are no dark areas, is in and out of the cells without anyone watch and raramuris, warojios, tepehuanes and Pimas, the four Tarahumara indigenous groups all enclosed, spits its sometimes grisly crimes with a certain innocence. There is nothing violent than your yesterday.
The prisoners practice traditional dances, raramuri fight or tribal table games like 15 or 4. “We talk to them and ask us to keep their traditions. Sometimes, as with traditional wrestling raramuri, almost only practiced in the criminal, “says the director.
Another example of that respect is the medicine cabinet indigenism the clinic. “We herbs and natural treatments that cured them. Some do not accept frmacos chemicals,” points out the manager of the medicine cabinet. “suffer many depressions by the lack of freedom, are people who need to live in nature. Although not ensean their feelings suffer much sadness at being locked” , says the doctor. “At first m being a woman did not speak to me and I never look at the eyes, but have never disrespected me,” the young teacher points out of jail. “I never have seen mourn,” said Mara, a ministerial agent. “Never, not when we go to pick up their corpses among relatives” .