El entrepreneur coordinated the exploitation, distribution and marketing of petroleum that the IS gets in Syria
The History of Oil is full of unique types . People halfway between the hustler, the adventurer and entrepreneur, with one foot in politics and another in geology, and with one hand bribing governments or regulators and other giving money in all kinds of philanthropic activities. They are people like Calouste Gulbenkian , an Armenian Christian refugee from child escaped the massacres that Muslims held in your community (sound familiar?) and Ahab opening much of East Prximo to oil exploitation.
Or as Marcus Samuel , a shopkeeper of London selling antiques and luxury items including china plates that ‘shells East were called were ( ‘Ortiental Shells’) and christened with that name which today is the most largest private oil company in the world: Shell .
Or, more recently, the Texan George Mitchell , which fundi three decades of his life in search of what many considered a pipe dream: a technique to drill horizontally and to apply the massively fracking , that is, the breaking of rocks containing oil. In the end, Mitchell LOGR, in the final stretch of his life, and desencaden an energy revolution from which we continue benefiting from the collapse in oil prices.
Not to mention that was probably the private-citizen is, excluded emperors-ms rich in history and a man who truly created his empire from nothing: John D. Rockefeller .
Make fortune in the territory of IS in Syria
Now, this peculiar history petrleo has a new character. It is called Fati Ben-Awn al-Murad al Tunisi, although he was more known by the name of Abu Sayyaf , and died 11 months ago, on May 15, in a attack Delta Force , the equivalent of the Navy SEAL, but the Army instead of the US Navy in Syria . His wife was arrested with him. And a Christian slave who was owned by the Abu Sayyaf was released.
Sayyaf was the man who coordinated the exploitation, distribution and marketing of petroleum that State Islmico (IS, according to its acronym in English) gets in Syria. To kill him, the Delta Force seized superior button more war in terms of documentation that jams have obtained the US Armed Forces in any terrorist operation against ningn group. Were dozens of USB ports, computers, documents, spreadsheets, official reports, price lists, videos now, 11 months and one week later ms, the pentagon has decided to filter the newspaper The Wall Street Journal.
According to the story of the newspaper, Abu Sayyaf construy until his death a tremendously effective business operation. The documents indicate that the terrorist LOGR uproot the endemic corruption of Syria , delivering the four areas of activity main-production, maintenance of deposits, management of refineries and expansion of stas to saud a Iraqi, an Algerian and a Tunisian, respectively. Syrian tribes Tenan nothing to do in that. And besides, Sayyaf gave them good reasons for this. The terrorist directly under his command tena 152 people many of them foreigners from ‘petroestados’- they charged 160 dollars (143 euros), which was, for example, the salary of an accountant, and 400 dollars (356 euros) in the case of an expert on piercing. Buy yourself those salaries with the average salary of a Syrian (50 dollars or 45 euros) and incentives to work for the IS seem clear .
And if those incentives did not work, the IS tena others. According to the ‘Wall Street Journal’ workers, when they went to work in the morning, they were headless corpses between wells. The documents also show Sayyaf meticulously Islmico the cost to the State of keep alive the slaves -in mostly Christians – who used to work in the fields of oil. As the Syrians quickly discovered the advantages of forgetting their tribal disputes and get to work to the orders of Sayyaf.
But not everything was brutality. Sayyaf was very efficient. Although it seems that it comes from an environment of income and education low, tena one tremendous business instinct and, in addition, conoca the region because, like many others, l let it out all in 2003 going to fight, with just under 20 years, against the Americans occupying Iraq.
From his office in the old building of Shell in the giant oil field of al-Omar, not far from the border with Iraq, the terrorist controlled pumping around 40,000 barrels a day of crude. The bombing of the international coalition that directs the United States not only not stopped their activities thanks to the effectiveness of Saud Abu Sarah al-Zahrani, who was responsible for maintaining the wells, IS LOGR increase its production in Syria 59% despite the attacks. This criticism was of importance to the State Islmico because the oil fields in Syria that controls are of much better quality than those of Iraq. While the first serve to fuel the Iraqi petrleo the IS only usually used to make asphalt.
But Sayyaf not sell indiscriminately. Tena different price scales function not only of the types of crude oil, but also the waiting time for carriers willing to have. Sell both in the territory controlled by the IS and which was under the control of Kurdish groups and Syrian President Bashar Asad . And when the bombing of the US and its allies began to destroy infrastructure more quickly than al-Zahrani pruning rebuild, Sayyaf showed his entrepreneurial genius to close contracts with businessmen of the regime of Asad for these put capital in the reconstruction of petroleum fields. Some petroleum fields in which came to form queues 500 trucks waiting for the oil.
Now, there is little of that formidable operation. The bombing have been slowly filing down the operation of the oil industry sanguinary Sayyaf caliphate, and the IS has been losing ground steadily-and also deposits petrleo- before their enemies. The woman Sayyaf, Umma, is in jail in the US for having cooperated in the kidnapping of Kayla Mueller, an American aid worker who was, also, sex slave Sayyaf and the leader of IS Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi before he died in a bombing. Fortunately, Rockefeller’s legacy IS is not expected to last as long as its predecessor.