If loiter around the old town of Bhaktapur is easy to see human chains carrying stones, men pulling trucks with cement, women cleaning old bricks, old desclavando woods. With a force that earthquakes do not managed to bury some residents have decided to start rebuilding their homes, their people, their lives. They are Nepalese tired of promises that do not come, expect an official Invisible reconstruction in the first anniversary of the tragedy.
The sun does not let up and Suresh Chawal, 32 years, remade his home with the help of friends. . “. The houses are still unstable The people are afraid, but some have returned to them because they have no other option,” he says while some dons work gloves he sleeps in a nearby house; his parents, in stores Red Cross campaign. They make life at home, but when night falls down to the tents set up in the square. They do not want a landslide interrupt their dreams.
“The next time you come home to be completed” says Suresh. A hand apretn seals that commitment and after fail to offer as a driver or translator, whatever. Somehow you have to pay this work and will not do as others have gotten into credits, debts that you just tied.
been a year of sesmos 7.8 and 7.3 degrees castigated Nepal . Blows that left nearly 9,000 dead, 22,000 wounded and a million homes destroyed or daadas. Total damages are estimated at 6 200 million euros and the aid donated by the international community of just over 3,600 . No need to be mathematician to see that the accounts do not go.
The government fears that these figures are repeated in a future shock. Why he wants that new structures are resistant. Under this desire, a warning: acte who on their own, without official guidelines not receive the promised 1,600 euros. The authorities began to distribute small amounts in some of the 31 affected districts, but those doses arrive with eyedropper to evaporate few families and plugging holes or everyday purchases. They serve to build a future project, to start a new life . Nepal is now easier to find the yeti that someone who has been able to cope with payments of 160 euros.
The absence of title documents is a problem when claiming aid, especially for women living in homes on behalf of their deceased husbands. To this we must add the obstacles to determine who has been really affected; there are rare cases of families who claim to have several homes or each structure demolished in their land was a home.
The National Authority for Reconstruction assumed that the houses They will be cut up when the monsoon arrives . The Government also taken calmly repair of emblematic monuments, a mission by the Department of Archeology.
Efforts have been affected by political instability of a new government, a new Constitution, a prolonged crisis protests in the south of the country and accusations of corruption in the use of funds.
A Rajana Shrestha, 36 years, causes cares little. She simply was expected cans. “The Government helped us with the settlements but no longer want to live beyond. We can not ms” says. It is beginning to clear the land where his home was in an alley of Bhaktapur. The whole family works at the pace of a copycat of Justin Bieber playing on the radio.
Organizations like the Red Cross or Plan International and local authorities conducted workshops training for masons and carpenters with the aim of building structures you slidas ms. The idea is to be the Nepalese who raise their own country. At least 30,000 have begun to do so on their own. A minority among those affected.
Red Cross estimates that four million people are still living in temporary shelters, settlements or aluminum structures. “A level family home has not advanced at the pace that should, “says Virginia Prez, responsible for the program of child protection UNICEF in Nepal , who believes that more effort is needed so that the population can have lasting accommodation in their hometowns.
In Kathmandu, the IDP camps have declined dramatically though some like Chuchepati perviven- and most people are faith or not sleeping at home.
Life goes on in Kathmandu
Nepal’s capital has returned to normal, a concept that no longer relative. Some neighborhoods were affected but Kathmandu did not live the devastation that flies over the collective imagination. Even so it is difficult to understand how some structures endured (and endure).
Today the traffic is still deafening seems that give motos- and the city does not relinquish its pledge of entering the podium of the most polluted in the world. The wounds of the earthquake can be seen in the Supreme Court, which has two faces: one half of the facade intact and the other, which derrumb completely, it has been rebuilt brick by brick imperfectly.
The Durbar Square, temples and palaces that remain standing are attached with wooden beams, groupers pins if the earth roars again again. But life has resurfaced among the ruins at sunset young people gather at the square as traders and rickshaw drivers have again installed next to the temples, as if they had forgotten that it cost the lives of many of their peers when histricos monuments collapsed on them. “Of course I’m afraid of falling, but here goes a lot of people and need to sell this” says with an overwhelming logic Binuka, while ordering the articles of hygiene and hairdresser who offers her blanket.
the work of NGOs has focused on the areas most hit districts as Sindhupalchowk or Dolakha. The sending of emergency aid continued to installation of medical centers, toilets, schools or bamboo structures water supply and sanitation. They were built to be temporary; one year later still the most tangible assistance they have seen neighbors.
“DocumentsSitesGroupsReader Even we are rebuilding community trails, roads and wooden bridges that were destroyed by avalanches and landslides . Our porters carry products World Food Programme to the mountainous areas, “said Ang Tshering Sherpa, president of the Alliance of Communities Climatic Himalayas.
The sending of humanitarian aid has been cut off by blocking five months on the border with India. The exorbitant fuel prices reduced to a minimum internal transport, while hundreds of trucks, loaded with tons of hope, permanecan parked at border crossings. The Nepalese blame this situation generate Delhi and Kathmandu of not having solved in time.
Blocking Ahab in February, but in the city are common queues vehicles to recharge the reservoir. “The liter 0,80 euros worth waiting two hours. On the black market there is no queue, but worth double,” says Deepak Khadka, a taxi driver leading Dolakha five years in the capital. l prefer to wait and pay less, and enough money in winter when the liter dej arrived at 5 euros.
A quarter of the Nepalese live on less than 1.25 dollars a day and spends 60% of its income on food. After the sesmos and blocking, an estimated 700,000 people have fallen under the poverty line. “The impact of the blockade has been dramtico, muchsimo greater than the earthquake,” points out Prez, UNICEF.
Three wins after the disaster
seems incredible, but among the black cloud that has flown over the last year Nepal is possible to rescue positive conclusions. Responsible for child protection features three victories: “The first is that there have been no cases of cholera, something that pruning have caused more casualties than the earthquake also has been a decline in levels of child malnutricin, usual consequence. disaster contexts. And the third is to have minimized the traffic of both internal and external children. ”
The Nepalese government is investigating whether an alleged actual traffic to the UK that has jumped to the media in recent weeks. Unicef’s position is unequivocal: no indications that trafficking has increased after the Sesmo. Ms considering that the previous data were “very reliable” for registration mechanisms “weak”.
“We have gone from having some interventions without coordination, no data, no visibility, to have a system in which NGOs, police, social affairs and local authorities participate fully connected,” said Prez. In total, 1,851 people have been intercepted in any of the 86 points to control trafficking. The NGO Maiti Nepal puts the figure at 4,500.
Among the jolts of the replicas, the Nepalese living with trauma it reaches the near earthquake that experts have told them. But they do not want to spread that fear of foreigners. Tourism translates into employment. And employment, money.
Nepal never will come out of the list of poorest countries in the world if the cow who lives much of its population dies. In 2015, the Himalayan nation had its worst figure in six years: 540,000 tourists, 30% less than in 2014. The sector gradually recovers from the blow
. the historic Caf Nyatapola overlooking the most impressive pagoda in Bhaktapur has reopened. That s, now adds “New” in its name. On the streets, vendors and guides Westerners pursue the dollar tattooed on his forehead. As always, supply exceeds demand.
In the emblematic square Potters, the Cermicas again dried in the sun. The art school is open wide. Is full of students with paintings in his hands. “In Nepal there are very few jobs, we hope that this school some young people get jobs painting” says Professor Saroj Paudel.
Thamel, the backpacker district of Kathmandu, has life that usually at this time, although dependent complain that people do not buy much. What will say, of course. Hotels recognize that they have less demand than a year ago, but more than in October season. The message Keshav Raj Wagle, director of the agency hiking Advance Adventure, can not be more clear: “Nepal is completely safe as that, please come to visit, as the country will come out ahead”