remember how Octogenarians Nepalese survived the last Sesmo and 1934
We are in 1934. It is on 15 January. Are 2:30 pm. The sun shines after several days of rain, it is a beautiful da. In an instant, the ground opens in cracks and earth, as if it were a wave, moving from east to west. The tops of the trees touch the ground and many areas are flooded by landslides. Nepal is living the earthquake stronger in its history.
“Everything was moving. I ca down, my mother came to help bleeding and crying with head injuries” Bahadur Khadka has Man, who remembers perfectly that embrace that life salv five years. “Everything turned dark, dusty, and only cows or screaming from the barn, until the roof is finished derrumb and screams”. Bahadur is pequeito, chepudo, very fragile, and live their last years in a nursing home in Kathmandu. Is excited to tell their story. l experienced it, you can say.
Slo octogenarians, who are, know what was the chaos. His life has been so long that today do not even know how many years have, but what age s Tenan in 1934 . In that earthquake of 8.1 degrees 10,000 people died in India and Nepal and more than 200,000 buildings were daados or destroyed. Many ended up inclined or sunk one meter under the ground. Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan were badly shaken and some of the monuments most emblematic had to be rebuilt after.
Now one year of met last great Sesmo which struck the country, blow 7.8 degrees that followed days later another 7.3 ms. The figures shocked the world. almost 9,000 dead, 22,000 injured and a million dilapidated houses
That da Santa Kumari Upetri, 85 years, remained sitting on her legs, swaying like a top while everything vein below. “Junt hands to pray to Ram, preguntndole what happens. The temple was shaking him like the branches of a tree by the wind”. He says, like everyone, that of 1934 was much stronger. The problem is that 80 years “had not any information security” means, according to the geologist Ranjan Dahal, who points out that “in the mountain both blows were similar, but in the city the 2015 impact ms in the population and infrastructures “.
Bairati Baral, an old woman of 89 years who saw the first with his own eyes and feel the second under the darkness of blindness recalls the difficulty in finding drinking water and food in good condition after the Sesmo who I lived nia. A lack of trunks, the dead were cremated the remains of their homes. “For two months the people tena so afraid that just mova home. Not even went to the forest for read for cooking” , recalls the old Bahadur, who helped his mother to restore her home. At least part of it, not Tenan money for a complete reconstruction.
Now Nepal has seen a similar shortage. The seismic Unfortunately after he joined a border blockade which has ruined its inhabitants: exorbitant prices and lack of medicines, basic goods and energy resources. All at the same time a new country is eriga with his change of government in crisis, its first president and his nascent Constitution, a political cocktail for a population looking in the rearview its civil war. A Nepal has lived a fair historical moment when tena the urgent need to get out of its worst natural disaster in 81 years, a huge challenge for one of the world’s poorest countries. “Nepal will come out ahead as before” , trusts smiling Upetri Kumari, who looked curiously resembles that of a fortune teller. This time the king otorg to pas a relief fund of 16,000 euros. Today the Government asked 6,200 million.
With considerable delay, the remaining task is the reconstruction of houses. The NGO have alleviated many problems in distributing temporary shelter, medicine and food, but the population expects government aid that many listen and few see.
The trauma is still present . Some say it is worse than the feeling of insecurity that caused the damage. Everyone thinks of the earthquake as usual. And if someone avoids the replicas will remember. More than 400 in a year. Ssmico to give a blow. Experts say that sooner or later a similar blow Nepal live. “Neither the people nor the structures estn prepared. In the replicas wounded occur because the panic is such that running and jumping through the windows,” says geologist Dahal.
The most elders do not feel the fear that see their children and grandchildren. If they leave home they are washed away by the fear of their families. Ganga Devi Shrestha holds his 95 years on a bamboo rod with which almost creeps. Or costs, but sonre when that did not fear death a year ago. “Slo thought of one thing: he was quiet because he hugged my son and knew that pruning die with him, that was enough for me” . Neither he died. They were seasick, fell to the ground and rose. As he did in 1934. Nepal is the same as trying to get now.